Norwich, Middlebury compete in international solar power competition

first_imgby Viola Gad September 10, 2013 vtdigger.org On a morning short on sunshine and long on rain, students from Middlebury College and Norwich University shared details of solar-powered houses the schools built and are shipping to an international competition in California. ‘Even though there is no sun out there today -’ these houses would work either way,’ Daphne Larkin, director of communications at Norwich, said Tuesday at the event outside the Statehouse in Montpelier.In a tent set up to fight off the rain, Governor Peter Shumlin and the presidents of Middlebury College and Norwich University spoke in front of an audience of about 60 people. The schools were selected for the Solar Decathlon, an international biennial competition put on by the U.S. Department of Energy since 2002. The finals are in Irvine, Calif., next month.The competition challenges collegiate teams to design and build houses that are cost-effective, attractive and energy-efficient, according to Jason Lutterman, of the office of energy efficiency and renewable energy at the U.S. Department of Energy.‘There are two things about Vermont that I think is striking ‘ the first, I think, is our ability to innovate, and these students have proven once again that we can out-innovate the rest of them,’ Shumlin said. ‘The second part is that we care deeply about our downtowns and our communities and what these buildings do is that they enhance these communities.’Norwich’s entry in the Solar Decathlon competition is called Delta T-90. Here it is loaded on a truck to be delivered to the contest in Irvine, Calif. Courtesy of Norwich UniversityThe home built by Norwich students Delta T-90, is a modular house designed to maintain 70 degrees indoors when it’s minus 20 degrees Farenheit outdoors. More than 60 students from six academic disciplines have been working on the house over the past two years and cost $700,000 to develop, according to Larkin.Middlebury’s home, InSite, has replaced the traditional solar panel roof placement with a green roof that insulates the house and helps it manage storm water. The home will be a ‘net-zero’ solar-powered home, built to produce as much energy as it consumes. The total project cost was about $1.4 million and more than 100 students took part, according to a news release from the college. About 50 of those students will travel to California in weekly blocks to present the final project, said Ari Lattanzi, a Middlebury student.Middlebury’s entry in the Solar Decathlon competition is called InSite. Courtesy of Middlebury CollegeThe Middlebury house will travel by rail to reduce its carbon footprint, which made the construction more complicated, Lattanzi said. Starting on Sept. 23, her team will spend nine days setting the house up.There is no cash prize for the competition, but there is a trophy and ‘the pride of knowing that you won,’ said Lutterman of the Department of Energy.The 20 finalists received up to $100,000 in grants from DOE to finish their projects, but additional costs were raised individually. The houses are rated for affordability and are not allowed to sell for more than $250,000.Previous homes have been sold to recover costs or raise money for future teams, but most of the houses are used for research and are displayed at their respective universities.The college offered resources in the form of faculty and space, but all other costs were covered by money raised from the community and private sponsors, said Ronald Liebowitz, Middlebury president.Over the two first weeks in October, the contestants will compete in 10 disciplines judged by 12 jurors who are ‘at the top of their respective professions.’ Each contest, which ranges from architecture to hot water to engineering, is worth a maximum of 100 points. The group that is closest to 1,000 points by the end of the month is the winner, according to the Solar Decathlon’s website.Three teams that made it to the final round are from outside the U.S. ‘ Czech Republic, Austria and Ontario, Canada.In 2011, the Solar Decathlon in Washington, D.C., attracted more than 350,000 visitors. One of the purposes of the competition is to educate students and the public about the environmental benefits of clean-energy products, Lutterman said.Middlebury placed 4th in the Solar Decathlon in 2011, which was held in Washington, D.C. It was the first liberal arts college to be selected for the competition. This is the first time competing for Norwich.‘Our house left the campus on trucks this morning,’ said Shannon Sickler, a student representative for the Norwich project. ‘I’ve been working with this project for over two years, so it’s very exciting that we are finally getting there.’Norwich President Richard Schneider (center) speaks during a send-off news conference outside the Statehouse on Tuesday with Gov. Peter Shumlin and Middlebury President Ronald Liebowitz. Photo by Viola Gad/VTDiggerlast_img read more

Read More »

Hail the Trail returns to benefit more trails

first_imgCelebrating its third year, the Epic Rides Hail the Trail initiative is a fundraiser for trails, rewarding three lucky winners with a brand-new mountain bike from Specialized Bikes, Pivot Cycles, and Scott Sports. To date, Hail the Trail has raised more than US$70,000, benefiting trail building organisations in the host communities of the Epic Rides Series.Trail building organisations that have benefited include:Prescott Mountain Bike Alliance (PMBA) in Prescott, ArizonaColorado Plateau Mountain Bike Association (COPMOBA) in Grand Junction, ColoradoMuscle Powered in Carson City, NevadaOzark Off-Road Cyclists (OORC) in Northwest Arkansas100% of the proceeds from Hail the Trail will help fund work crews to maintain existing trails and build new trails in each host community.Thanks to the generosity of Epic Rides’ bike industry partners, three lucky winners will receive either a 2019 Specialized Epic Pro, a 2019 Pivot Mach 6C or a 2019 Scott Spark RC900 WC, each with a retail value of more than US$6,000.Supporters can purchase tickets for $5 each, with no limit to how many tickets are purchased. All funds raised go to the aforementioned trail organisations, providing more trail opportunities for the public and a legacy from each Epic Rides produced event.The Hail the Trail fundraiser runs from Wednesday, July 10th through Tuesday, July 23rd. Winners will be drawn on Friday, July 26th. Complete program information and tickets can be purchased at: epicrides.com/hailthetrail/Use of Hail the Trail funds:PMBA intends to put finishing touches on the Spence Basin trail system, as well as start new construction on trails approved by Prescott National Forest to provide more connectivity within the forests system.COPMOBA intends to utilize the funds received to further its development of the Palisade Plunge trail, a 32 mile back-country singletrack that will connect the top of the Grand Mesa (10,700′) to the Town of Palisade, CO, (4,700′) via 6000′ of relief, and the style of trail everyone has come to expect from COPMOBA. Epic Rides notes that The Plunge is guaranteed to offer a fast, fun, and challenging ride.Muscle Powered is working on the Capitol to Tahoe Trail and Lincoln Bypass trail, both in the final phase of permitting. Once approved, these trails will be built and incorporated into the Carson City Off-Road course, making for one continuous singletrack from the Tahoe Rim Trail all the way back down to Carson City.OORC will put its share of Hail the Trail funds towards new trail development in the Kessler Mountain area of Fayetteville, Arkansas. This new network will open access to communities west of the mountain, and an additional 40 acres of green space to the Kessler Mountain Regional Park.epicrides.com/hailthetrail Relatedlast_img read more

Read More »

The banking industry wants to be just like Amazon.com

first_img 25SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr by. Danielle DouglasIt started out as mild infatuation, but now it seems bankers have developed a full-blown crush on Amazon.com.From Citigroup to SunTrust, banking industry executives are gushing over the Internet retailer’s use of analytics to figure out what customers want, a model that bankers see as the salvation for an industry being invaded by more nimble retail, tech and telecom competitors.Just like Amazon, banks collect vast amounts of information about their clients. Your bank knows what you buy, how much you spend and whether you have anything saved. That kind of intel could be used to anticipate whether you need a credit card, car loan or investments.It’s one thing to simply offer a car loan, Thong Nguyen, the head of retail banking at Bank of America, said at a press breakfast in Manhattan Thursday. “It’s more interesting to see that you are on month 33 of your car loan payments…and then present you the opportunity to get a cheaper rate,”Consumers–whether they are buying a Kindle or opening a checking account–want companies to make products relevant to their individual needs, Nguyen said. There is something to be said for getting an email of feminist reading suggestions from Amazon, after you’ve finished a Bell Hooks book on your Kindle.The banking industry is betting that the same sort of tailor-made approach could work for mortgages and credit cards too. The trick will be to do it without appearing creepy or intrusive.“We’re chasing after the Amazon experience,” Nguyen said. “Amazon keeps moving to improve customer service. And we’re going to invest more” to replicate that kind of service. continue reading »last_img read more

Read More »

Amendments to criminal jury instructions

first_imgDisobedience to Police or Fire Department Officials316.072(3)28.18 Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(1)28.6 Amendments to criminal jury instructions FLA.STAT. Leaving Scene of Crash Involving Serious Bodily Injury*316.027(2)(b)28.4 Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(1)28.6 Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(3)(b)28.81 Give 3a if death is charged or 3b if injury or serious bodily injury is charged. If the State proves beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant willfully failed to give any part of the “identifying information” or willfully failed to give reasonable assistance, the State satisfies this element of the offense. Enhancement. Give when the State alleged the victim was a “vulnerable road user.” § 316.027(2)(f), Fla. Stat. If you find that the State proved beyond a reasonable doubt that (defendant) committed elements #1 – #4, you must then determine whether the State also proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the [injured person] [person who died] in element #1 was: Leaving Scene of a Crash Involving Injury*316.027(1)(a)(2)(a)28.4 CATEGORY TWO If the State proves beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant willfully failed to give any part of the “identifying information” or willfully failed to give reasonable assistance, the State satisfies this element of the offense. Enhancement. Give when the State alleged the victim was a “vulnerable road user.” § 316.027(2)(f), Fla. Stat. If you find that the State proved beyond a reasonable doubt that (defendant) committed elements #1 – #4, you must then determine whether the State also proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the [injured person] [person who died] in element #1 was: None Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Serious Bodily Injury*316.027(2)(b)28.4 [a pedestrian]. [actually engaged in work upon a highway]. [actually engaged in work upon utility facilities along a highway]. [engaged in the provision of emergency services within the right- of-way]. [operating a [bicycle] [motorcycle] [scooter] [moped] lawfully on the roadway]. [riding an animal]. [lawfully operating [a farm tractor or similar vehicle designed primarily for farm use] [a skateboard] [roller-skates] [in-line skates] [a horse-drawn carriage] [an electric personal assistive mobility device] [a wheelchair] on [a public right-of-way] [crosswalk] [shoulder of the roadway]]. Comments * § 316.1935(4), Fla. Stat., states that a person may be charged with both Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding and Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Death, Serious Bodily Injury, or Injury. Therefore, if a Leaving the Scene crime is charged as a separate count, then Leaving the Scene should not be given as a lesser-included offense of Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding. For the category two lesser included offense of Disobedience to Police, see Koch v. State, 39 So. 3d 464 (Fla. 2d DCA 2010). S ee Mancuso v. State, 652 So. 2d 370 (Fla. 1995), State v. Dumas, 700 So. 2d 1223 (Fla. 1997), and State v. Dorsett, 158 So. 3d 557 (Fla. 2015).This instruction was adopted in 2008 [976 So. 2d 1081] and amended in 2011 [73 So. 3d 136] , 2015 [– So. 3d –], and 2016. 28.8(e) AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING (Leaving a Crash Involving Damage to a Vehicle or Property then Causing Injury or Property Damage to Another) § 316.1935(4)(a) and § 316.061, Fla. Stat. To prove the crime of Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding, the State must prove the following seven elements beyond a reasonable doubt: 1. (Defendant) was the driver of a vehicle involved in a crash or accident . 2. The crash or accident resulted only in damage to a vehicle or other property. 3. The [vehicle] [other property] was [driven] [attended] by [a person] [(name of person)]. 4. (Defendant) failed to stop at the scene of the crash or accident or as close to the crash or accident as possible and remain there until [he] [she] had given “identifying information” to the [driver or occupant of the damaged vehicle] [person attending the damaged vehicle or property] [and to any police officer at the scene of the crash or accident or who is investigating the crash or accident]. 5. A duly authorized law enforcement officer ordered (defendant) to stop. 6. (Defendant), knowing [he] [she] had been ordered to stop by a law enforcement officer, [willfully refused or failed to stop [his] [her] vehicle in compliance with the order to stop] [and after having stopped in knowing compliance with the order to stop, willfully fled in a vehicle in an attempt to elude the law enforcement officer]. 7. As a result of (defendant) fleeing or eluding, [he] [she] caused [injury to] [damage to the property of] (name of victim). Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(3)(a)28.8 CATEGORY ONECATEGORY TWOFLA. STAT.INS. NO. INS. NO. 1. (Defendant) was the driver of a vehicle involved in a crash or accident occurring on public or private property resulting in [serious bodily injury to] [the death of] any person. 2. (Defendant) knew that [he] [she] was involved in a crash or accident. AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING (Leaving a Crash Involving Injury or Death and then Causing Injury or Property Damage to Another) — 316.1935(4)(a) and § 316.027 (2)(c) CATEGORY ONE LEAVING THE SCENE OF A CRASH INVOLVING SERIOUS BODILY INJURY — 316.027(2)(b) [a pedestrian]. [actually engaged in work upon a highway]. [actually engaged in work upon utility facilities along a highway]. [engaged in the provision of emergency services within the right- of-way]. [operating a [bicycle] [motorcycle] [scooter] [moped] lawfully on the roadway]. [riding an animal]. [lawfully operating [a farm tractor or similar vehicle designed primarily for farm use] [a skateboard] [roller-skates] [in-line skates] [a horse-drawn carriage] [an electric personal assistive mobility device] [a wheelchair] on [a public right-of-way] [crosswalk] [shoulder of the roadway]]. Attempt777.04(1)5.1 b. (Defendant) knew, or should have known from all of the circumstances, including the nature of the crash or accident, of the injury to the person. Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(2)28.7 4. a. (Defendant) willfully failed to stop at the scene of the crash or accident or as close to the crash or accident as possible and remain there until [he] [she] had given “identifying information” to the [injured person] [driver] [occupant] [person attending the vehicle] and to any police officer investigating the crash or accident. Leaving Scene of a Crash Involving Injury*316.027(1)(a)(2)(a)28.4 b. (Defendant) knew, or should have known from all of the circumstances, including the nature of the crash or accident, of the injury to the person. Give 4a or 4b or both as applicable. 4. (Defendant) a. willfully failed to stop at the scene of the crash or accident or as close to the crash or accident as possible and remain there until [he] [she] had given “identifying information” to the [injured person] [driver] [occupant][person attending the vehicle or other damaged property] and to any police officer investigating the crash or accident. [or] b. willfully failed to render “reasonable assistance” to the injured person if such treatment appeared to be necessary or was requested by the injured person. 5. A duly authorized law enforcement officer ordered (defendant) to stop. 6. (Defendant) , knowing [he][she] had been ordered to stop by a law enforcement officer, [willfully refused or failed to stop [his][her]vehicle in compliance with the order to stop] [and after having stopped in knowing compliance with the order to stop, willfully fled in a vehicle in an attempt to elude the law enforcement officer.] 7. As a result of (defendant) fleeing or eluding, [he] [she] caused [serious bodily injury to] [the death of] (name of victim) . Definitions. Give as applicable. Fla. Stat. § 316.003(75). § 316.003(75), Fla. Stat. A “vehicle” is any device in, upon, or by which any person or property is, or may be, transported or drawn upon a highway, except devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. § 316.062, Fla. Stat. “Identifying information” means the name, address, vehicle registration number, and, if available and requested, the exhibition of the defendant’s license or permit to drive. “Reasonable assistance” includes carrying or making arrangements to carry the injured person to a physician or hospital for medical treatment. Patterson v. State, 512 So. 2d 1109 (Fla. 1 st st DCA 1987). “Willfully” means knowingly, intentionally and purposely. If the “vulnerable road user” enhancement is given, insert applicable definitions from § 316.003, Fla. Stat. Lesser Included Offenses If the State proves beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant failed to give any part of the “identifying information,” the State satisfies this element of the offense. Definitions. Patterson v. State, 512 So. 2d 1109 (Fla. 1 st st DCA 1987). “Willfully” means intentionally, knowingly, and purposely. Fla. Stat. § 316.062(1) , Fla. Stat . “Identifying information” means the name, address, vehicle registration number, and, if available and requested, the exhibition of the defendant’s license or permit to drive. Fla. Stat. § 316.003(75) , Fla. Stat. “Vehicle” means every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. Lesser Included Offenses 1. (Defendant) was the driver of a vehicle involved in a crash or accident occurring on public or private property resulting in [injury to] [death of] any person. Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(2)28.7 Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Damage to Vehicle or Property*316.06128.4(a) INS. NO. Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Serious Bodily Injury*316.027(2)(b)28.4 CATEGORY ONECATEGORY TWOFLA.STAT.INS. NO. AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING (Leaving a Crash Involving Injury or Death and then Causing Serious Injury Bodily Injury or Death) — 316.1935(4)(b) and 316.027 (2)(c) Leaving Scene of a Crash Involving Death*316.027(2)(c)28.4 2. (Defendant) knew that [he] [she] was involved in a crash or accident. 3. a. (Defendant) knew, or should have known from all of the circumstances, including the nature of the crash or accident, of the injury to or death of the person. § 316.027, Fla. Stat. A driver has the legal duty to immediately stop [his] [her] vehicle at the scene of the crash or accident or as close to the scene of the crash or accident as possible and provide “identifying information.” [or] b. (Defendant) willfully failed to render “reasonable assistance” to the injured person if such treatment appeared to be necessary or was requested by the injured person. If the State proves that the defendant willfully failed to give any part of the “identifying information” or willfully failed to give reasonable assistance, the State satisfies this element of the offense. Give if serious bodily injury is charged. § 316.027(1)(a), Fla. Stat.; § 316.027(2)(b), Fla. Stat. If you find that (defendant) committed the crime of Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Injury, you must then determine whether the State proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the injury was a serious bodily injury. “Serious bodily injury” means an injury to a person, including the driver, which consists of a physical condition that creates a substantial risk of death, serious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member or organ. Enhancement. Give when the State alleged the victim was a “vulnerable road user.” § 316.027(2)(f), Fla. Stat. If you find that (defendant) committed the crime of Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving [Death] [Serious Bodily Injury] [or] [Injury], you must then determine whether the State proved beyond a reasonable doubt that the [injured person] [person who died] was: AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING (Leaving A Crash Involving Damage to a Vehicle or Property then Causing Injury or Property Damage to Another) — 316.1935(4)(a) and 316.061 Reckless Driving (if there was evidence that the fleeing was in a motor vehicle)316.192(1)(b)28.5 Disobedience to Police or Fire Department Officials316.072(3)28.18 August 1, 2015 Notices Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(3)(b)28.81 Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(2)28.7 Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(3)(b)28.81 Leaving Scene of a Crash Involving Death*316.027(2)(c)28.4center_img 7. As a result of (defendant) fleeing or eluding, [he] [she] caused [an injury to] [damage to the property of] (name of victim) . FLA.STAT. Attempt777.04(1)5.1 Aggravated Fleeing 316.1935(4)(a)28.85 Comment s * In Williams v. State , 732 So. 2d 431 (Fla. 2d DCA 1999), the court stated in dictum that Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Injury is a necessarily lesser-included offense of Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Death. In other areas, however, where there is no issue that a person was killed as a result of an incident giving rise to criminal charges, non-death lessers are not appropriate. See, e.g., State v. Barritt, 531 So. 2d 338 (Fla. 1988); Humphrey v. State , 690 So. 2d 1351 (Fla. 3d DCA 1997). See Mancuso v. State, 652 So. 2d 370 (Fla. 1995), State v. Dumas, 700 So. 2d 1223 (Fla. 1997), and State v. Dorsett, 158 So. 3d 557 (Fla. 2015).This instruction was adopted in 1995 [665 So. 2d 212] and amended in 2008 [973 So. 2d 432] , and 2015 [– So. 3d –], and 2016. 28.8(b) AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING (Leaving a Crash Involving Serious Bodily Injury, Injury or Death then Causing Serious Bodily Injury or Death) § 316.1935(4)(b) and § 316.027, Fla. Stat. To prove the crime of Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding, the State must prove the following seven elements beyond a reasonable doubt: 1. (Defendant) was the driver of a vehicle involved in a crash or accident occurring on public or private property resulting in [serious bodily injury to] [the death of] any person. 2. (Defendant) knew that [he] [she] was involved in a crash or accident. Give 3a if death is charged or 3b if injury is charged. 3. a. (Defendant) knew, or should have known from all of the circumstances, including the nature of the crash or accident, of the injury to or death of the person. Comments * § 316.1935(4), Fla. Stat., states that a person may be charged with both Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding and Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Death, Serious Bodily Injury, or Injury. Therefore, if a Leaving the Scene crime is charged as a separate count, then Leaving the Scene should not be given as a lesser-included offense of Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding. For the category two lesser included offense of Disobedience to Police, see Koch v. State, 39 So. 3d 464 (Fla. 2d DCA 2010).See Mancuso v. State, 652 So. 2d 370 (Fla. 1995), State v. Dumas, 700 So. 2d 1223 (Fla. 1997), and State v. Dorsett, 158 So. 3d 557 (Fla. 2015). This instruction was adopted in 2008 [976 So. 2d 1081] and amended in 2011 [73 So. 3d 136] , and 2015 [– So. 3d –], and 2016. 28.8(c) AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING (Leaving a Crash Involving Damage to a Vehicle or Property then Causing Serious Bodily Injury or Death) § 316.1935(4)(b) and § 316.061, Fla. Stat. To prove the crime of Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding, the State must prove the following seven elements beyond a reasonable doubt: 1. (Defendant) was the driver of a vehicle involved in a crash or accident . 2. The crash or accident resulted only in damage to a vehicle or other property. 3. The [vehicle] [other property] was [driven] [attended] by [a person] [(name of person)].4. (Defendant) failed to stop at the scene of the crash or accident or as close to the crash or accident as possible and remain there until [he] [she] had given “identifying information” to the [driver or occupant of the damaged vehicle] [person attending the damaged vehicle or property] [and to any police officer at the scene of the crash or accident or who is investigating the crash or accident. 5. A duly authorized law enforcement officer ordered (defendant) to stop. 6. (Defendant), knowing [he] [she] had been ordered to stop by a law enforcement officer, [willfully refused or failed to stop [his] [her] vehicle in compliance with the order to stop] [and after having stopped in knowing compliance with the order to stop, willfully fled in a vehicle in an attempt to elude the law enforcement officer]. 7. As a result of (defendant) fleeing or eluding, [he] she] caused [serious bodily injury to] [the death of] (name of victim). Give 4a, 4b, or both as applicable. b. (Defendant) knew, or should have known from all of the circumstances, including the nature of the crash or accident, of the injury to the person. Reckless Driving (if there was evidence that the fleeing was in a motor vehicle)316.192(1)(b)28.5 Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(3)(a)28.8 Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(3)(a)28.8 The committee invites all interested persons to comment on the proposals, reproduced in full below. Comments must be received by the committee in either electronic format or hard copy on or before August 31, 2015. The committee will review all comments received in response to the above proposal at its next meeting and will consider amendments based upon the comments received. Upon final approval of the instruction, the committee will make a recommendation to the Florida Supreme Court. File your comments electronically to CrimJuryInst@flcourts.org, in the format of a Word document. If you cannot file electronically, mail a hard copy of the comment to Standard Jury Instructions Committee in Criminal Cases, c/o Bart Schneider, General Counsel’s Office, Office of the State Courts Administrator, 500 S. Duval Street, Tallahassee 32399-1900.28.4 LEAVING THE SCENE OF A CRASH INVOLVING [DEATH] [SERIOUS BODILY INJURY] [INJURY] § 316.027 (1 2 ), Fla. Stat.; § 316.062, Fla. Stat. To prove the crime of Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving [Death] [Injury], the State must prove the following four elements beyond a reasonable doubt: Give 3a if death is charged or 3b if injury is charged. 3. a. (Defendant) knew, or should have known from all of the circumstances, including the nature of the crash or accident, of the injury to or death of the person. Amendments to criminal jury instructions CATEGORY ONE The Supreme Court Committee on Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases submits the following amended instructions to the Florida Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases for comment. The committee proposes the following: 28.4 – LEAVING THE SCENE OF A CRASH INVOLVING [DEATH] [SERIOUS BODILY INJURY] [INJURY] 28.8(b) – AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING 28.8(c) – AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING 28.8(d) – AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING 28.8(e) – AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(1)28.6 § 316.027, Fla. Stat. A driver has the legal duty to immediately stop [his] [her] vehicle at the scene of the crash or accident or as close to the scene of the crash or accident as possible and provide “identifying information.” CATEGORY ONECATEGORY TWOFLA. STAT.INS. NO. 6. (Defendant) , knowing [he][she] had been ordered to stop by a law enforcement officer, [willfully refused or failed to stop [his][her]vehicle in compliance with the order to stop][and after having stopped in knowing compliance with the order to stop, willfully fled in a vehicle in an attempt to elude the law enforcement officer.] INS. NO. FLA.STAT. CATEGORY ONE CATEGORY TWO Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Injury 316.027(2)(a)28.4 Definitions. Give as applicable. Patterson v. State, 512 So. 2d 1109 (Fla. 1 st st DCA 1987). “Willfully” means intentionally, knowingly, and purposely. Fla. Stat. § 316.062 , Fla. Stat. “Identifying information” means the name, address, vehicle registration number, and, if available and requested, the exhibition of the defendant’s license or permit to drive. “Reasonable assistance” includes carrying or making arrangement to carry the injured person to a physician or hospital for medical treatment. Fla. Stat. § 316.003(75) , Fla. Stat. “Vehicle” means every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. § 316.027(1)(a), Fla. Stat. “Serious bodily injury” means an injury to a person [including the driver,] which consists of a physical condition that creates a substantial risk of death, serious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member or organ. Lesser Included Offenses Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(1)28.6 Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(3)(a)28.8 AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING (Leaving a Crash Involving Damage to a Vehicle or Property then Causing Serious Bodily Injury or Death) — 316.1935(4)(b) and 316.061 Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Injury*316.027(2)(a)28.4 CATEGORY TWO Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(1)28.6 Reckless Driving (if there was evidence that the fleeing was in a motor vehicle)316.192(1)(b)28.5 Leaving Scene of a Crash Involving Death316.027(1)(b)28.4 Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(2)28.7 Disobedience to Police or Fire Department Officials316.072(3)28.18 Aggravated Fleeing 316.1935(4)(a)28.84 Leaving Scene of a Crash Involving Death 316.027(1)(b)28.4 If the State proves beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant failed to give any part of the “identifying information,” the State satisfies this element of the offense. Definitions. Patterson v. State, 512 So. 2d 1109 (Fla. 1 st st DCA 1987) . “Willfully” means intentionally, knowingly, and purposely. Fla. Stat. § 316.062(1) , Fla. Stat. “Identifying information” means the name, address, vehicle registration number, and, if available and requested, the exhibition of the defendant’s license or permit to drive. Fla. Stat. § 316.003(75) , Fla. Stat. “Vehicle” means every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. Lesser Included Offenses Reckless Driving (if there was evidence that the fleeing was in a motor vehicle)316.192(1)(b)28.5 Give 4a or 4b or both as applicable. 4. (Defendant) a. willfully failed to stop at the scene of the crash or accident or as close to the crash or accident as possible and remain there until [he] [she] had given “identifying information” to the [injured person] [driver] [occupant] [person attending the vehicle or other damaged property] and to any police officer investigating the crash or accident. [or] b. willfully failed to render “reasonable assistance” to the injured person if such treatment appeared to be necessary or was requested by the injured person. 5. A duly authorized law enforcement officer ordered (defendant) to stop. Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(3)(b)28.81 Comments * § 316.1935(4), Fla. Stat., states that a person may be charged with both Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding and Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Damage to Attended Property. Therefore, if Leaving the Scene is charged as a separate count, then Leaving the Scene should not be given as a lesser-included offense of Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding. F or the category two lesser included offense of Disobedience to Police, see Koch v. State, 39 So. 3d 464 (Fla. 2d DCA 2010). This instruction was adopted in 2008 [976 So. 2d 1081] and amended in 2011 [73 So. 3d 136] , and 2015 [– So. 3d –], and 2016. 28.8(d) AGGRAVATED FLEEING OR ELUDING (Leaving a Crash Involving Serious Bodily Injury, Injury or Death then Causing Injury or Property Damage to Another) § 316.1935(4)(a) and § 316.027 Fla. Stat. To prove the crime of Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding, the State must prove the following seven elements beyond a reasonable doubt: LEAVING THE SCENE OF A CRASH INVOLVING DEATH OR INJURY — 316.027 (1 2 ) (c) Fleeing to Elude LEO316.1935(1)28.6 [a pedestrian]. [actually engaged in work upon a highway]. [actually engaged in work upon utility facilities along a highway]. [engaged in the provision of emergency services within the right- of-way]. [operating a [bicycle] [motorcycle] [scooter] [moped] lawfully on the roadway]. [riding an animal]. [lawfully operating [a farm tractor or similar vehicle designed primarily for farm use] [a skateboard] [roller-skates] [in-line skates] [a horse-drawn carriage] [an electric personal assistive mobility device] [a wheelchair] on [a public right-of-way] [crosswalk] [shoulder of the roadway]]. Definitions. Give as applicable. Patterson v. State, 512 So. 2d 1109 (Fla. 1 st st DCA 1987). “Willfully” means intentionally, knowingly, and purposely. Fla. Stat. § 316.062 , Fla. Stat. “Identifying information” means the name, address, vehicle registration number, and, if available and requested, the exhibition of the defendant’s license or permit to drive. “Reasonable assistance” includes carrying or making arrangement to carry the injured person to a physician or hospital for medical treatment. Fla. Stat. § 316.003(75) , Fla. Stat. “Vehicle” means every device, in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. § 316.027(1)(a), Fla. Stat. “Serious bodily injury” means an injury to a person [including the driver,] which consists of a physical condition that creates a substantial risk of death, serious disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member or organ. Lesser Included Offenses Disobedience to Police or Fire Department Officials316.072(3)28.18 Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Damage to Vehicle or Property*316.06128.4(a) Comments * § 316.1935(4), Fla. Stat., states that a person may be charged with both Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding and Leaving the Scene of a Crash Involving Damage to Attended Property. Therefore, if Leaving the Scene is charged as a separate count, then Leaving the Scene should not be given as a lesser-included offense of Aggravated Fleeing or Eluding. For the category two lesser included offense of Disobedience to Police, see Koch v. State, 39 So. 3d 464 (Fla. 2d DCA 2010). This instruction was adopted in 2008 [976 So. 2d 1081] and amended in 2011 [73 So. 3d 136], and 2015 [ — So. 3d –], and 2016.last_img read more

Read More »

PNOC wants a piece of SC55 (The Philippines)

first_imgPNOC Exploration Company (PNOC-EC), the upstream oil, gas and coal subsidiary of the state-owned Philippine National Oil Company, has expressed an interest in farming into SC55 offshore block for a 15% working interest. Otto Energy, the operator of the block has said that the commercial terms of the farm-in have been agreed and will be finalized in a Farm-in Agreement to be entered into by Otto and PNOC-EC.The farm-in is only subject to approval by the Office of the President of the Philippines. In addition to PNOC-EC, Otto continues to engage with other potential farm-in partners in the lead up to the drilling of the Hawkeye-1 exploration well, which is anticipated to take place during Q3 2015.Drilling rig needed Otto has entered into commitments for long lead items required to drill Hawkeye-1, including well heads and casing. The company has said that. the equipment required is currently available in SE Asia and can be sourced prior to the anticipated drilling window. Otto is also seeking expressions of interest for drilling rigs suitable to drill Hawkeye-1.Final commitment to a drilling rig will be considered subject to suitable commercial terms being negotiated and completion of the farm-out program.According to Otto, Hawkeye is a high impact opportunity, well defined on modern high quality 3D seismic and demonstrating an amplitude response consistent with a significant oil prospect. Hawkeye has a Best Estimate Oil In Place volume of 480 MMbbl and Best Estimate recoverable volume of 74 MMbbl net to Otto, post farm-down to PNOC-EC.There is further material upside contained in other identified prospects and leads in SC55.Matthew Allen, Otto’s CEO said: “Otto Energy is very pleased to welcome a partner of the quality of PNOC Exploration Company into SC55. PNOC-EC bring substantial experience in the Philippines oil and gas industry to the SC55 joint venture. We look forward to progressing the high impact exploration program with the Hawkeye-1 well in SC55 with PNOC-EC and our joint venture partners. Otto notes that the cost of this upcoming exploration program is likely to be considerably reduced as weaker oil prices impact on rig and contractor rates.”last_img read more

Read More »

Empire Floodgate Dredging Scheduled

first_imgThe contractor on the Empire Floodgate Kiewit and Pittman will be dredging for construction purposes associated with the floodgate this upcoming Saturday, January 24, 2015 and Sunday, January 25, 2015, at the Doullut Canal. There will be dredging of the channel between the existing gate and the new gate during this construction period.The waterway will be open to boat traffic at this time, however, boaters should expect delays. The contractor along with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers have implemented a temporary bypass channel in Empire during the construction of the new floodgate. This project is a part of the New Orleans to Venice (NOV), Hurricane and Storm Damage Risk Reduction System (HSDRRS).Boat traffic will be using the temporary channel in the Doullut Canal for the duration of the floodgate construction, which will last until fall 2017. The temporary channel will be marked with temporary buoys.[mappress mapid=”19774″]Press Releaselast_img read more

Read More »

This time, it might actually work

first_imgSubscribe now for unlimited access To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletterslast_img read more

Read More »

Wonders & blunders with John Jackson

first_imgStay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe now for unlimited access Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our communitylast_img read more

Read More »

Mnangagwa warns critics sabotaging Zimbabwe’s economic recovery

first_imgMnangagwa says mining and tourism will lead Zimbabwe’s economic revival Zimbabwe’s Mnangagwa swears in Cabinet ministers FILE PHOTO: President of Zimbabwe Emmerson Mnangagwa. (Photo by Mikhail Svetlov/Getty Images)Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa sent out a stern warning that his administration will deal with what he termed as malpractices eroding its attempts to address Zimbabwe’s economic crisis.Mnangagwa, who addressed the nation in a televised speech in the capital, Harare, said the “end is coming” for those bent on pulling Zimbabwe’s economy down.“We shall not allow a situation where our people live in chronic insecurity, lack and deprivation. It has become apparent that in our midst there are wolves in sheep’s clothing,” he said.Two weeks ago, Mnangagwa blamed Zimbabwe’s currency problems on political critics and greedy private sector players.He said that the currency was under attack from businesses that were constantly raising prices and this was part of a wider political scheme against his government.Zimbabwe’s local currency has plunged on the black market fuelling price increases and pushing inflation to 765 percent.Zimbabweans have grown increasingly frustrated with the direction the country has taken since the ousting of longtime leader Robert Mugabe in 2017 following a military takeover and days of civilian protests.Mnangagwa, who succeeded him, has faced a number of political and socio-economic challenges in the subsequent years.The country’s economy, facing one of its worst crises in decades, is grappling with runaway inflation and spiralling commodity and fuel prices amidst a food shortage. Additionally, the nation’s public sector has faced a number of strikes, particularly by medics due to low salaries and poor working conditions.The country’s energy regulator said that the country’s fuel prices are set to go up by as much as 152 percent on Wednesday after the government removed a fixed exchange rate in place since March.Even as the government struggles to address all these problems, it still has to contend with the COVID-19 pandemic and a surge in malaria cases.Relatedcenter_img #TALKAFRICA: Zimbabwe Economic Crisislast_img read more

Read More »

Indians Announce Kluber Sctratched From Tonight’s Start vs Tigers

first_imgCLEVELAND – The Indians have made a pitching change for tonight’s first of three against the Detroit Tigers at Comerica Park, as they will not have their reigning Cy Young Award Winner on the mound.Corey Kluber has been scratched from his start tonight against Detroit due to a right hamstring strain. The Indians announced he is expected to pitch again this season.Taking Kluber’s place tonight is Josh Tomlin, who is 3-1 with a 3.08 ERA this season. In his last start on Sunday at home vs the Angels he went seven innings, allowing two runs on six hits with no walks and eight strikeouts.Here’s the updated pitching matchups for the weekend for the Indians and Tigers.Fri September 4 @ Detroit, 7:08PM, SportsTime Ohio/WTAM/WMMS/IRNRHP Josh Tomlin vs. LHP Kyle LobsteinSat September 5 @ Detroit, 7:08PM, SportsTime Ohio/WTAM/WMMS/IRNRHP Danny Salazar vs. RHP Alfredo SimonSun September 6 @ Detroit, 1:08PM, SportsTime Ohio/WTAM/WMMS/IRNTBD vs. RHP Justin Verlander Related TopicsCorey KluberIndiansJosh Tomlin Matt Loedecenter_img Matt Loede has been a part of the Cleveland Sports Media for over 21 years, with experience covering Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, the National Football League and even high school and college events. He has been a part of the Cleveland Indians coverage since the opening of Jacobs/Progressive Field in 1994, and spent two and a half years covering the team for 92.3 The Fan, and covers them daily for Associated Press Radio. You can follow Matt on Twitter HERE.last_img read more

Read More »